Optical engineering is the field of study that focuses on applications of optics. Optical engineers design components of optical instruments such as lenses, microscopes, telescopes, and other equipment that utilizes the properties of light.
Vegetable Science is the study of various plants that produce vegetables, including genetics, growth, and development. Similar Topics. Vegetable ProductionFruit ScienceVegetablesFruit QualityVegetable Crops.
Space weather is a branch of space physics and aeronomy concerned with the time varying conditions within the Solar System, including the solar wind, emphasizing the space surrounding the Earth, including conditions in the magnetosphere, ionosphere, thermosphere, and exosphere.
fishery is an area with an associated fish or aquatic population which is harvested for its commercial value. Fisheries can be marine (saltwater) or freshwater. They can also be wild or farmed. Wild fisheries are sometimes called capture fisheries.
Artistic design has its way of leaping over realism and the rules of drawing associated in it, making intellectual efforts in understanding reality in pursuit of the modern technology.
Interdisciplinary research (IDR) is a mode of research by teams or individuals that integrates information, data, techniques, tools, perspectives, concepts, and/or theories from two or more disciplines or bodies of specialized knowledge to advance fundamental understanding or to solve problems whose solutions are beyond the scope of a single discipline or field of research practice.
Biomedical sciences are a set of applied sciences applying portions of natural science or formalscience, or both, to knowledge, interventions, or technology that are of use in healthcare or public health.
Design is the creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams, and sewing patterns). Design has different connotations in different fields (see design disciplines below). In some cases, the direct construction of an object (as in pottery, engineering, management, coding, and graphic design) is also considered to use design thinking.
Definition: Technological innovations comprise new products and processes and significant technological changes of products and processes. An innovation has been implemented if it has been introduced on the market (product innovation). Source Publication: OECD Frascati Manual, Sixth edition.
he Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, in particular the standards that comprise the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). It is an open standards organization, with no formal membership or membership requirements.
Information technology (IT) is the use of computers to store, retrieve, transmit, and manipulate data, or information, often in the context of a business or other enterprise. IT is considered to be a subset of information and communications technology (ICT).
Musical performance. Musical performance is often characterized by its evaluative and interactive dimensions (through the involvement of audiences), as well as by performance markers, behaviors, and codes that set it apart from everyday life or from rehearsal.
Macromolecular Materials and Engineering is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal covering polymer science. It publishes Reviews, Feature Articles, Communications, and Full Papers on design, modification, characterization, and processing of advanced polymeric materials.
The hydrodynamic impact of especially waves, tides, storm surges and tsunamis and (often) the harsh environment of salt seawater are typical challenges for the coastal engineer – as are the morphodynamic changes of the coastal topography, caused both by the autonomous development of the system and man-made changes. The areas of interest in coastal engineering include the coasts of the oceans, seas, marginal seas, estuaries and big lakes.
Besides the design, building and maintenance of coastal structures, coastal engineers are often interdisciplinary involved in integrated coastal zone management, also because of their specific knowledge of the hydro- and morphodynamics of the coastal system. This may include providing input and technology for e.g. environmental impact assessment, port development, strategies for coastal defense, land reclamation, offshore wind farms and other energy-production facilities, etc.
Process Equipment and Control Engineering is the interdisciplinary program that takes process equipment design basis as the main body, process principle and equipment control technology application as the two wings. The students have strong process equipment, mechanical foundation, control engineering, computer and other basic theory knowledge, and have good engineering technology basic quality and comprehensive ability.
The process equipment and control engineering students master the basic theory and knowledge of control science and engineering, principles of chemical engineering and chemical technology, master the professional knowledge of industrial process measurement and control, and instrumentation development and application of the microcomputer to master professional knowledge and training senior engineering and technical personnel who can be engaged in the industry production process detection and control system design, design of intelligent instruments, micro computer application and software development.
Visual communication is a way of the communication that people get through the reading or seeing. As mentioned earlier, it can be anything that shows a message. It expresses an idea and gives a piece of information with the use of the different signs, gestures, postures, and anything that can be expressible. It comes with an impressive power to inform and educate a person or groups. Just imagine while driving on an unknown road, we keep asking the people about the destination. But if you have a medium of visual communication like a map, you can simply find out the way without any help. You can say that visual communication can be anything that expresses the things in a beautiful and understandable manner. People rely more on the different forms of visual communication than the verbal communication as they get all the details with the signs and symbols.
History of Visual Communication
The history of visual communication can be traced back to a time when the writing was not invented. During that phase, people were relying on the paintings preserved in the caves and rocks. It dates back more than 40, 000 years ago. It was a part of the life of the people who were unknown to the writing and alphabets. In brief, it can be said that visual communication is an integral part of the human existence. Before the invention of the writing, people were relying on this traditional method of the communication to communicate with each other.
Design and engineering of functional clothing. The process of design and engineering of functional clothing design is based on the outcomes of an objective assessment of many requirements of the user, and hence tend to be complex and iterative.
Automotive engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. It also includes modification of vehicles. Manufacturing domain deals with the creation and assembling the whole parts of automobiles is also included in it.The automotive engineering field is research -intensive and involves direct application of mathematical models and formulas. The study of automotive engineering is to design, develop, fabricate, and testing vehicles or vehicle components from the concept stage to production stage. Production, development, and manufacturing are the three major functions in this field.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production. Its key characteristic is that design is separated from manufacture: the creative act of determining and defining a product’s form and features takes place in advance of the physical act of making a product, which consists purely of repeated, often automated, replication. This distinguishes industrial design from craft-based design, where the form of the product is determined by the product’s creator at the time of its creation.
All manufactured products are the result of a design process, but the nature of this process can take many forms: it can be conducted by an individual or a large team; it can emphasize intuitive creativity or calculated scientific decision-making, and often emphasizes both at the same time; and it can be influenced by factors as varied as materials, production processes, business strategy and prevailing social, commercial or aesthetic attitudes. The role of an industrial designer is to create and execute design solutions for problems of form, function, usability, physical ergonomics, marketing, brand development, sustainability, and sales
Television (TV) is a telecommunication medium used for transmitting moving images in monochrome (black and white), or in colour, and in two or three dimensions and sound. The term can refer to a television set, a television program (“TV show”), or the medium of television transmission. Television is a mass medium for advertising, entertainment and news.
Television became available in crude experimental forms in the late 1920s, but it would still be several years before the new technology would be marketed to consumers. After World War II, an improved form of black-and-white TV broadcasting became popular in the United States and Britain, and television sets became commonplace in homes, businesses, and institutions. During the 1950s, television was the primary medium for influencing public opinion. In the mid-1960s, color broadcasting was introduced in the US and most other developed countries. The availability of multiple types of archival storage media such as Betamax, VHS tape, local disks, DVDs, flash drives, high-definition Blu-ray Discs, and cloud digital video recorders have enabled viewers to watch pre-recorded material—such as movies— at home on their own time schedule. For many reasons, especially the convenience of remote retrieval, the storage of television and video programming now occurs on the cloud. At the end of the first decade of the 2000s, digital television transmissions greatly increased in popularity. Another development was the move from standard-definition television (SDTV) (576i, with 576 interlaced lines of resolution and 480i) to high-definition television (HDTV), which provides a resolution that is substantially higher. HDTV may be transmitted in various formats: 1080p, 1080i and 720p. Since 2010, with the invention of smart television, Internet television has increased the availability of television programs and movies via the Internet through streaming video services such as Netflix, Amazon Video, iPlayer, Hulu, Roku and Chromecast.
In 2013, 79% of the world’s households owned a television set. The replacement of early bulky, high-voltage cathode ray tube (CRT) screen displays with compact, energy-efficient, flat-panel alternative technologies such as LCDs (both fluorescent-backlit and LED), OLED displays, and plasma displays was a hardware revolution that began with computer monitors in the late 1990s. Most TV sets sold in the 2000s were flat-panel, mainly LEDs. Major manufacturers announced the discontinuation of CRT, DLP, plasma, and even fluorescent-backlit LCDs by the mid-2010s. In the near future, LEDs are expected to be gradually replaced by OLEDs. Also, major manufacturers have announced that they will increasingly produce smart TVs in the mid-2010s. Smart TVs with integrated Internet and Web 2.0 functions became the dominant form of television by the late 2010s.
Television signals were initially distributed only as terrestrial television using high-powered radio-frequency transmitters to broadcast the signal to individual television receivers. Alternatively television signals are distributed by coaxial cable or optical fiber, satellite systems and, since the 2000s via the Internet. Until the early 2000s, these were transmitted as analog signals, but a transition to digital television is expected to be completed worldwide by the late 2010s. A standard television set is composed of multiple internal electronic circuits, including a tuner for receiving and decoding broadcast signals. A visual display device which lacks a tuner is correctly called a video monitor rather than a television.
lectronic engineering (also called electronics and communications engineering) is an electrical engineering discipline which utilizes nonlinear and active electrical components (such as semiconductor devices, especially transistors, diodes and integrated circuits) to design electronic circuits, devices, VLSI devices and their systems. The discipline typically also designs passiveelectrical components, usually based on printed circuit boards.
Electronics is a subfield within the wider electrical engineering academic subject but denotes a broad engineering field that covers subfields such as analog electronics, digital electronics, consumer electronics, embedded systems and power electronics. Electronics engineering deals with implementation of applications, principles and algorithms developed within many related fields, for example solid-state physics, radio engineering, telecommunications, control systems, signal processing, systems engineering, computer engineering, instrumentation engineering, electric power control, robotics, and many others.
Business Information Systems (BIS) comprises the analysis and organization of business information through the application of technology. As such it blends core concepts of management, operations and information systems theory with computer science and engineering methods and technologies to manage an organization’s data.
‘Information,’ is a funny thing. Unlike material commodities it can be used without reducing the original resource. Also, the cost for storing and transporting information is low and advances in technology throughout history, from the invention of the printing press to the advancement of the World Wide Web and mobile and cloud computing, have pushed these costs ever lower. At the same time, it has become ever easier to manipulate and distribute this information.
Studying information systems involves, among other things, learning how to design, build and evaluate these systems. To do this, we must develop an intricate understanding of the information needs of the organization, the business processes that generate and consume information, the roles of people and working groups in these processes and the efficiency of these processes. We furthermore must develop a thorough understanding of the nature of the data involved including the data’s structure, persistence, transience, ownership and binary nature. Based on this understanding, supplemented with a good grasp of the available technologies, we can then design and build a set of technical and managerial tools that contribute to a problem’s solution or the realization of a business opportunity.
Studying business information systems also involves learning about the various organizations involved in the development and standardization of information technologies and the implications of the technical choices organizations make. This implies that we must learn how to evaluate and measure the effects of these choices on the behavior and performance of the host organizations.
The Business Information Systems degree at OSU prepares you for a career in business information systems. The program provides a solid foundation in business administration, to which the Business Information Systems courses add an emphasis on business information systems. Graduates from the college’s Business Information Systems program have widely varying careers. A few choose to become software developers, but most others become business process analysts, quality control managers, data modelers, teachers (yes, it happens!), systems analysts, software compliance testers, or something else entirely. Some students, especially those with dual degrees, find ways to specialize in the business information systems aspects of another business discipline. An example would be those with a double Accounting and Business Information Systems degree who establish a career in accounting information systems or information systems auditing.
Biotechnology is the use of biological processes, organisms, or systems to manufacture products intended to improve the quality of human life. The earliest biotechnologists were farmers who developed improved species of plants and animals by cross pollenization or cross breeding. In recent years, biotechnology has expanded in sophistication, scope, and applicability.
The science of biotechnology can be broken down into subdisciplines called red, white, green, and blue. Red biotechnology involves medical processes such as getting organisms to produce new drugs, or using stem cells to regenerate damaged human tissues and perhaps re-grow entire organs. White (also called gray) biotechnology involves industrial processes such as the production of new chemicals or the development of new fuels for vehicles. Green biotechnology applies to agriculture and involves such processes as the development of pest-resistant grains or the accelerated evolution of disease-resistant animals. Blue biotechnology, rarely mentioned, encompasses processes in marine and aquatic environments, such as controlling the proliferation of noxious water-borne organisms.
Biotechnology, like other advanced technologies, has the potential for misuse. Concern about this has led to efforts by some groups to enact legislation restricting or banning certain processes or programs, such as human cloning and embryonic stem-cell research. There is also concern that if biotechnological processes are used by groups with nefarious intent, the end result could be biological warfare.
Library and information science (LIS) (sometimes given as the plural library and information sciences) or as “library and information studies“ is a merging of library science and information science. The joint term is associated with schools of library and information science (abbreviated to “SLIS”). In the last part of the 1960s, schools of librarianship, which generally developed from professional training programs (not academic disciplines) to university institutions during the second half of the 20th century, began to add the term “information science” to their names. The first school to do this was at the University of Pittsburgh in 1964. More schools followed during the 1970s and 1980s, and by the 1990s almost all library schools in the USA had added information science to their names. Weaver Press: Although there are exceptions, similar developments have taken place in other parts of the world. In Denmark, for example, the ‘Royal School of Librarianship’ changed its English name to The Royal School of Library and Information Science in 1997. Exceptions include Tromsø, Norway, where the term documentation science is the preferred name of the field, France, where information science and communication studies form one interdiscipline, and Sweden, where the fields of Archival science, Library science and Museology have been integrated as Archival, Library and Museum studies.
In spite of various trends to merge the two fields, some consider the two original disciplines, library science and information science, to be separate. However, the tendency today is to use the terms as synonyms or to drop the term “library” and to speak about information departments or I-schools. There have also been attempts to revive the concept ofdocumentation and to speak of Library, information and documentation studies (or science).
nvironmental engineering system is the branch of engineering concerned with the application of scientific and engineering principles for protection of human populations from the effects of adverse environmental factors; protection of environments, both local and global, from potentially deleterious effects of natural and human activities; and improvement of environmental quality.
Environmental engineering system can also be described as a branch of applied science and technology that addresses the issues of energy preservation, protection of assets and control of waste from human and animal activities. Furthermore, it is concerned with finding plausible solutions in the field of public health, such as waterborne diseases, implementing laws which promote adequate sanitation in urban, rural and recreational areas. It involves waste water management, air pollutioncontrol, recycling, waste disposal, radiation protection, industrial hygiene, animal agriculture, environmental sustainability,public health and environmental engineering law. It also includes studies on the environmental impact of proposed construction projects.
Environmental engineers system study the effect of technological advances on the environment. To do so, they conduct studies on hazardous-waste management to evaluate the significance of such hazards, advise on treatment and containment, and develop regulations to prevent mishaps. Environmental engineers design municipal water supply andindustrial wastewater treatment systems. They address local and worldwide environmental issues such as the effects ofacid rain, global warming, ozone depletion, water pollution and air pollution from automobile exhausts and industrial sources.
Courses are taught by experienced professionals with backgrounds in film and television production. By learning from working professionals, students receive the most up-to-date and relevant information and education on the ever-changing industry.
Enrolled students will achieve the following learning goals:
■ familiarizing themselves with the roles, tasks, and obstacles that film and television producers encounter
■ developing an understanding of work elements involved in film production
■ mastering the basic skills in digital production, post editing of films and TV programmes
■ familiarizing themselves with the essential elements of planning feature films and TV programme editing.
Study Duration: 4 years
Degree: Bachelor of Arts
Introduction to Arts; Audio-visual Language; Production of TV Programmes; TV Programme Planning; TV Programme Editing; Production of TV Features; Radio & TV Editing and Directing; Music Editing; The Basics of Photography and Camera Recording; The Basics of TV Directing; Broadcast Programm
IT security is a bit more specific in that it's only referring to digital information security. IT security pretty much covers all of the types of security within a network, from components like databases and cloud servers to applications and the users remotely accessing the network.
The Bachelor in Fashion Design & Technology combines the French fashion heritage with the latest technological changes and an international perspective to meet the current fashion industry requirements.